A down-scaled fluorimetric determination of the solubility properties of drugs to minimize waste generation


A miniaturized fluorescence assay on multi-well plates has been developed to study the solubility enhancement effect of (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin on three anti-tumor alkaloids. The measurement of the fluorescence emission on a multi-well plate format has been proved to be a rapid and efficient technique to evaluate the solubility of pharmaceutical formulations of new drugs that help save time, reagents and wastes in the search for greener analytical strategies.

The proposed methodology was compared with a reference HPLC solubility study and was employed to examine the enhancement of the solubility of camptothecin, luotonin A, and a synthetic derivative of the latter in the presence of (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin.

Considerable reductions in the time of analysis (almost 50 times faster) and the volume of organic solvents employed (close to 25 times less acetonitrile needed) were achieved. The nature of the inclusion complexes was investigated by analysis of the phase-solubility diagrams obtained by the newly developed method and was complemented with spectrofluorimetry and ESI-MS experiments.

The concentrations of solubilised compounds found by both methodologies were in good agreement (R2 > 0.98). The analytical figures of merit of both methodologies were compared and the adequacy of the proposed method for the development of drug solubilisation studies was discussed.


Green Chem., 2013, 15,2558-2565
DOI: 10.1039/C3GC40974K, Paper
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Corresponding authors
S. D. Química Analítica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Plaza de Ramón y Cajal, s/n, 28040-Madrid, Spain
E-mail: mantonia@farm.ucm.es ;
Fax: +34 91 394 17 54 ;
Tel: +34 91 394 17 56

A down-scaled high-throughput screening fluorescence assay for solubility studies achieves a 25-times reduction of organic solvent waste.



DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......http://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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